Richard Scott



- 12oz Water
- 5tsp Instant Coffee
- 1/2tsp Vitamin C Power
- 3 1/2tsp Washing Soda



- 9oz Water
- 3oz Ilford Rapid Fixer



01. Prewash film in room temperature water letting it soak for 5 minutes.
02. Add developer at 68f/20c using times below.
     - B&W Film: 15min. Agitate for 30 seconds then 5 seconds every 1 minute.
     - Color Film: 20min. Agitate for 30 seconds then 5 seconds every 1 minute.
03. Wash with water.
04. Fix for 5 minutes. Agitate for 30 seconds then 5 seconds every 1 minute.
05. Wash with water
06. Agitate in Photo-Flo for 10 seconds.
07. Hang film and let dry.



01. The recipe here works for a tank with one reel of 35mm film.

02. Mix the developer before doing anything else. I like to mix mine about two hours ahead of time.

03. Photo-Flo is not a must have item but it sure makes life a lot easier.

04. Depending on your local water you may want to use distilled water, at least for your final wash with Photo-Flo. Some days my water is harder than others and have found instead of using distilled water I can clean my film and make a perfectly clean negative by wiping it with a piece of very soft, lint free cloth that is soaked in 99% isopropyl alcohol.

05. The measurements here work for me but if you want to be more professional then weigh what's needed for your developer.

06. Developing color film this way will not make for color photos. For color you will need a lab to develop your film or you learn how to develop color film yourself. Itís not that much harder just requires some more chemicals, a few other steps and more control.

07: I have successfully reused the developer on no more than three rolls of film as I have never tried any more than that. When used I did this on each roll right after another with no storage time on the developer. There are those who have said they have gotten many uses out of their Caffenol developer and have stored it for some time without issue. I can only speak for my experience and my results.


B&W Film [fresh]


B&W Film [outdated by 3 years, cold stored]


Color Film [fresh]


Color Film [outdated by 8 years, never cold stored]


These are examples of results I have gotten using my method as presented above with both color and B&W film.
The only post processing done was to remove the stray dust particle or two and a boost to the contrast.